Created: January 12, 2015
Evan T. Cohen PT, PhD, Board-Certified Neurologic Clinical Specialist; Linda Csiza, PT, DSc, Board-Certified Neurologic Clinical Specialist; Herb I. Karpatkin, PT, DSc, Board-Certified Neurologic Clinical Specialist, MSCS
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that affects approximately 400,000 people in the United States and 1 million people between 16 and 65 years of age worldwide. It is marked by relapses and remissions, with gradual neurologic deterioration. Its course is unpredictable in progression and severity. Physical therapists are important members of the health care team that works with this population. People with MS may have a wide variety of signs and symptoms that physical therapists can address, including weakness, stiffness, pain, dizziness, problems with balance, walking and arm/hand function, and reduced quality of life. The physical therapist conducts a detailed examination and develops a comprehensive plan of care to improve and maintain many aspects of physical function.